06 Jezreel Valley, Satellite Bible Atlas Map 1-4


– [Narrator] Shalom! And welcome to the Satellite Bible Atlas video number 6, map 1-4. The focus of map 1-4 is the Jezreel Valley and Lower Galilee. The general location of
the terrain of map 1-4 is situated in the north central area of the land of Israel. We described in video number 3 how the Jezreel Valley
is a wide, flat plain between the central hill
country to the south and mountainous Galilee to the north. This makes the Jezreel Valley a hub of international routes
that criss-cross Israel, a kind of Grand Central Station. Before we take a closer
look at the Jezreel Valley and the routes that come in and out of the valley from all
directions, let’s first see the regions that surround
the Jezreel Valley. To the West is Mount Carmel, including the Shephela,
or Foothills of Carmel. Northwest is the Plain of Asher, which spreads out from the
modern seaport city of Haifa on the slope of Mount Carmel to Acco, or Ptolomais in the North. North of the Jezreel
Valley is Lower Galilee, a series of east to west
running mountain ranges that are bisected by wide plains. Note the town of Nazareth
on the mountainous ridge just north of the Jezreel Valley. On the east, note Eastern Lower Galilee, and to the southeast, Mount Gilboa. Between Eastern Lower
Galilee and Mount Gilboa is the wide Harod Valley, which serves as a route to and from the East. Finally, note the Jordan Rift Valley, including the Sea of Galilee and the lower Jordan River Plain. From a high spot on Mount Carmel let’s get a view of Jezreel
Valley from west to east. Note to the agricultural
productivity of the Jezreel Valley. The name Jezreel means God Will Plant. Looking across the valley,
some 10 to 15 miles away are the Nazareth Ridge, Mount
Tabor, and the Hill of Moreh. Turning just a bit to the
south, here’s the Hill of Moreh, the Harod Valley, and Mount Gilboa. Now, let’s take a closer look at the routes and site locations associated with the Jezreel Valley. One Bible geographer
called the Jezreel Valley a stage with entrances and exits that lead to and from other nations. The southwest entrance-exit
of the Jezreel Valley leads to the coastal plain
and ultimately to Egypt. These gates are called
the Mount Carmel passes. They follow valleys that
pass through Mount Carmel. Where the passes enter the Jezreel Valley, one pass is guarded by
the city of Megiddo, the other by Jokneam. Above Jokneam, on Mount Carmel, is the traditional location
of Elijah’s contest with prophets of the Phoenician god, Baal. – We’re on Mount Carmel,
where Elijah contested the prophets of Baal,
showing that Baal was nothing and Yahweh was the true God. – [Narrator] Here is an aerial photograph of the ruins of Megiddo, well situated to oversee
activity in the Jezreel Valley. Most importantly, Megiddo supervised the important pass connecting the Jezreel Valley with the coastal plain. The modern Highway runs
through the Megiddo pass. Map 2-5 shows the campaign
of pharaoh Thutmose III. This Pharaoh may be the one who caused Moses to flee to Midian. Thutmose III made multiple
campaigns into Canaan in an effort to secure control of trade routes in the plains. On one of those campaigns,
Thutmose boasted of attacking Megiddo via
the narrow Megiddo Pass. Giving a pep talk to
his troops, he declared “Capturing Megiddo is like
capturing 1,000 cities!” The northwest gate of the Jezreel
Valley is the Kishon Pass. All of the Jezreel Valley is
drained by the Kishon River, which exits the valley along the foot of Mount Carmel to the northwest, ending at the Mediterranean Sea. The route follows the river along Mount Carmel to the plane of Asher. This Google Earth photo shows Mount Carmel and the Kishon Pass. The photo is oriented to the west. North is to the right. Here’s the tip of the Jezreel Valley. Here’s Mount Carmel. And the Kishon Pass that connects the Jezreel Valley to the Plain of Asher and the Mediterranean Sea. Also visible are the Jokneam
Pass through Mount Carmel, and Tel Jokneam where the
route joins the Jezreel Valley. As map 6-3 shows, the
Israel-Phoenicia Alliance, in the days of Ahab and Jezebel, utilized the Kishon pass in the transfer of materials, culture, and religion between these two nations. The north gate to the Jezreel
Valley is the Shimron Pass. The Shimron Pass uses a valley to join with an important East-West route that connects Acco with
the Sea of Galilee. More remote, in the
hills above this region, is the village of Nazareth
where Jesus grew up. – Behind us is Nazareth, the
town where Jesus grew up. – We’re here in Nazareth, and this is the home town of Jesus, and he was teaching here in the beginning of his Galilee ministry in the synagogue. And the reaction from the
people there was so strong that they wanted to take him up to the brow of the hill,
which is right through here. – [Narrator] In the same
hilly region near Nazareth, only 2 miles away, is Gath-hepher, the home town of the Prophet Jonah. Also nearby is Sepphoris,
an important Roman town, the regional capital of
Galilee when Jesus was a youth. To the North, across the
wide Bet Natopha Plain, is Jotapata, where the
Jewish general and historian, Josephus Flavius was
captured by the Romans. And Cana, where Jesus
performed his first miracle. – Hi, we’re here in the city
of Sepphoris, near Nazareth. And behind me, across the valley, is the ruin of the city of Cana, where Jesus did his first miracle, turning water into wine. – Archaeological excavations of Cana have exposed a late 1st
century A.D. building, which is likely a synagogue,
including this base and pillar. The northeast gate
exits the Jezreel Valley between the Hill of Moreh and Mount Tabor. Therefore, we called
this gate the Tabor Pass. – Right now, we’re at
a ridge near Nazareth, and to my right you can see Mount Tabor, and also the valley of Jezreel, where Barak and Deborah fought a battle against Jabin and Sisera of Hazor, and where the Lord gave a great victory. Also, behind me, is the Mount of Moreh, where a city known as
Nein sits on the ridge. And that is where the Lord Jesus Christ raised a son of a poor
widow from the dead. – [Narrator] The Tabor Pass is part of the great international route that connects with nations further north. Note the Wadi Arbel where
the route drops down to the Plain of Gennesaret
along the Sea of Galilee. This photo shows the Wadi Arbel region. The international route comes
along the northwestern side of the Sea of Galilee, then north. On map 1-3, note the continuation of the great international route from the Jezreel Valley
to the Sea of Galilee. The route climbs north
to the city of Hazor in the Hula Valley. The route continues
North in the Hula Valley to the region around Dan,
where it branches to Lebanon, or Damascus of Syria, and
beyond to Mesopotamia. The east gate of the Jezreel Valley is the Harod Valley route connecting the cities of Jezreel and Beth-shan. The Jezreel Valley is
shaped like an arrowhead. The Harod Valley is the shaft of the arrow running along the north
side of Mount Gilboa. On map 1-3 note how the
gateway to the east, the Harod Valley, intersects
with the important route in the Jordan Rift Valley
of the city of Beth-shan. From here, there is access up into Gilead. One route intersects with the Transjordan International Highway, or the Way to Bushan at
the city of Ramoth-gilead. Here is a beautiful aerial photograph from the pictorial library
of Bible Land’s collection. We’re looking at Mount
Gilboa in the Harod Valley from the west to east. Here is the modern Kibbutz
and ancient Tel Jezreel, Mount Gilboa, the Harod Valley, the modern route in the Harod Valley, maneuvering past irrigation
and fish ponds to Beth-shan. Here’s a portion of the Rift Valley, and off to the east, the Hills of Gilead. There are many biblical events that show the Harod Valley was an important route. As marked on map 4-6,
the Lord chose 300 men in the days of Gideon at the Harod Spring, near the city of Jezreel,
at the base of Mount Gilboa. The Midianites were
across the Harod Valley at the foot of the Hill of Moreh. When Gideon blew the trumpet,
the Midianites panicked, and fled down the Harod Valley,
crossed the Jordan River, and tried to escape further
east through Gilead. – We are at the Spring of
Harod where the Lord chose 300 men in the days of Gideon
to conquer the Midianites. – [Narrator] In Saul’s
final days, the Philistines encamped at Shunem,
near the Hill of Moreh. They were in a position to not only compete for control of
the important routes in the Jezreel Valley,
but also to drive a wedge between Israelite northern
and southern tribes. King Saul gathered his forces at Jezreel, and then snuck around the Philistines to get counsel from the
witch at En-dor to no avail. The next day, Saul was wounded, retreated, and died on Mount Gilboa. The Philistines found his body and hung it on the walls of Beth-shan. – And behind us is the
Canaanite-Israelite mound where the Philistines dragged
Saul’s body and hung it up. – [Narrator] Ahab, the
Baal-worshiping king of Israel killed Naboth of Jezreel and
confiscated Naboth’s land. Not long afterwards, Ahab
convinced Jehoshaphat of Judah to go up to Ramoth-gilead to
battle with the Aramaeans. Ahab was killed at
Ramoth-gilead by a stray arrow. The Harod Valley to Gilead
connection is illustrated by the wild a chariot ride of Jehu, who was anointed to wipe
out Baal worship in Israel. – We’re at the city of Jezreel. Behind us is the Harod Valley, and Jehu rode his chariot
wildly up the valley, and came here to the city, killing both of the king of Judah and at the king of Israel, and having Jezebel thrown out the window. – [Man] Very good. (laughing) – That’s it. – [Narrator] And finally, the southern gate of the Jezreel Valley the Bible calls the Ascent of Gur. The continuation of this
route is shown on map 1-3 . It ascends into the hills
of Samaria at Ibleam, and just before Dothan, splits. One branch, toward the city of Samaria, and the other toward Tirzah. The routes rejoin at Shechem, where it continues south
on the watershed route, the Road of the Patriarchs. So, these are the gates in
and out of the Jezreel Valley. The Mount Carmel passes to
the coastal plain and Egypt, the Kishon Pass to the Plain of Asher and the Mediterranean Sea, the Shimron Pass beyond
the Nazareth Ridge, the Tabor Pass, a continuation of the great international
route to the northeast, the Harod Valley route with connections to the Jordan Rift Valley and Gilead, and the Ascent of Gur into Samaria. (delicate chimes) – We’re on Mount Carmel where
Elijah contested with the– (laughs)
What was it? The something of Baal?
(laughs) – Hey everybody, we’re in
the water system at Megiddo. – Which was carved by King Ahab of Israel. – It is, across the valley is the city of Cana where Jesus… Okay, can we do it–
(laughs) – To fight, no, the Midianites fought… To– In the days of Gideon–
(laughs) To go out and defeat the mmmmmmm. Amorites. Amanites. Midianites.
(laughs) – We’re overlooking the Jezreel Valley, and behind me is Mount Tabor, where Deborah and Barak
gathered 10,000, um… – We’re standing here
at Sepphoris in the sea. – Alright, we’re in Sepphoris in Galilee, and right behind us is the city of Nazareth
where Jesus grew up. Right behind me… Oh, man. Sorry. – We are at Megiddo, and we’re overlooking the Jezreel Valley. To the north is the Nazareth Ridge, and– (laughs)
I can’t remember! – And to my right is our left. – Is there anyone up there with me? Throw her down! – In where she died, and I forget. Where he had Jezebel killed by
throwing her out the window. This pretty much wiped out Baal worship in all the northern kingdom. (laughing)
– Sorry! (peaceful melody)

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