14 PLANÈTES les plus ÉTRANGES de l’UNIVERS


Yo Trashers! Did you ever ask yourself what the planets out of the solar system looked like? You will probably say it would be disappointing: big rocks or gas planets without any interest. Well, believe me, even if we only know 3414 of those objects on the billions which exist, I am gonna make you discover things! So take your spaceship, we go to the discovery of the 14 most strange planets in the universe. The darkest Kepler-1b is at 750 light years from us, and kind of looks like Jupiter but the ultra satanic version of it. Because of its chemical composition, it only reflects 1% of the light, which gives it the colour of the coal: very, very black. But it is really hot down there, more than 1000°C, so, from time to time, the dark surface is crossed by burning red stripes, giving it the appearance of Hell. The planet with 1000 rings Well, in reality, J1407B only has 37 rings, but they spread n more than 120 millions of kilometers. It is 200 times bigger than those of Saturn. To tell you, if the size was the same, we would be able to see them from Earth, as big as a full moon. What is impressive is that hidden in the middle of all this, well, there are moons forming little holes into the rings. But it is 400 light years away from us, so we are not close to see them, unfortunately. The most expensive of all planets 55 Cancri E is a planet that recently was a lot discussed: it is made of diamond. And imagine, it is two times bigger than Earth! Its value, with the current diamond price, is 20 quintillions of euros. We would just need 0.18% of the planet to repay the debts of the whole Earth. Well, at least hypothetically. Actually, if we found so much diamond, it would lose all its value. The planet is 40 light years from us, and the temperature is higher than 2000°C. That said, we remind you that the composition of diamond, it is your pencil lead, but like, very compressed. Nothing to praise about. A frozen burning planet Nicknamed Behemoth, Gliese 436b has an amazing particularity: it is composed with water, and the problem is that it is very close to its sun. You see the issue? So it heats at more than 250°C and the water evaporates, unless that the gravitational forces on this planet are so strong that the water is compressed so much it crystallizes. It forms a hot exotic ice we call Ice 10. Yeah, it ain’t just cold water, there are 16 forms of ice possible, gonna collect’em all. The Hellish planet According to religions, we do not know if Hell is very hot or very cold. liese 581c settles the problem, for the planet has a face that burns you in 1 second, and the other that freezes you instantly. Actually, the planet has a kind of gravitational lock, which makes that it does not turn around itself, but always keeps the same face exposed to the sun. Just like our moon, we always see the same face. But what is amazing is that despite those conditions, there are chances that this planet shelters life. A hot side, a cold side, but between them there are temperatures around 0 and 40°C, which would be perfect for life. And since the planet is only 20 light years from us, we do want to wander there. The only choking thing is that its sun is very red, what makes that the plant would not be green, but black. Interesting! However, it is not the case of Corot-7b. Both planets are alike, with a gravitational lock and two extreme sides, but here it is worse. The face exposed to the sun is so hot and the winds so violent that you have on the whole planet rains of lava and rocks, even on the cold side. Swallowed by a star WASP 12B is really unlucky. It gravitates around its sun, but so close that it literally gets eaten little by little. It loses 6 billions of matter per second. The gravitational force is so strong that the planet is stretched to the point it looks like a rugby ball. Another planet that thought it was Icarus, you know, the dumbass who wanted to fly too close to the sun and whose wings melt and who dies. Well, HD 209458B is alike. Here, instead of being sucked, the solar winds are so strong that the planet literally gets evaporated. No need to say that those planets will not survive for long. The most ancient one Mathusalem is an exceptional planet which defies the laws of astrophysics. It is more than 13 billions years old and would have been born just a billion years after the Big Bang. Back then, the elements like the iron were not even created, so this planet is only composed with primordial elements: hydrogen and helium. And because it does nothing like the others, its two suns are a white dwarf with extreme density and a neutron star. There are few chances for humanity to explore it someday, for it is more than 12.400 light years away from us. The loneliest planet HD 106906 B is like you and me on Valentine’s day. Lost at more than 300 light years from us, without any companion, in the darkest darkness. Indeed, its sun is almost 97 billions of kilometers away from it, 650 times the distance Earth-our sun. Well, however, it is 11 times the size of Jupiter, and the physicists think that it kind of is a missed sun, too tiny to be an actual sun. The planet is very young, only 13 millions of years, nothing compared to the 14 billions of years of our universe. So it is like a baby in the belly of its mother, a gestating interstellar nothingness. The 3 sunned planet You do not like the night and you prefer when it is summer all the year long, why not opt for HD 188753 which has 3 suns just for it. By the way, its discoverer called it Tatooine, in reference to Star Wars. Actually, the planets orbits around a sun, which orbits around a sun, which orbits around a sun. Yeah, it’s a mess. So we find this beautiful, but it actually can make you puke. For example, 16 Cygni BB, also called the ‘’Yo-yo planet.’’ It has 3 stars too, but instead of quietly orbiting around its sun, it gets attracted by the others, what makes the trajectory totally extreme! It goes from the Venus’ position to the Mars’ in a year. The summer is in hardcore mode, the winter is frozen and finally, there are 3 months per year when you have a similar condition to Earth. And talking about extreme season, I have to talk about Sweeps 10, which year lasts for… 10h. A year around the sun. Yes, it is the fastest planet in the universe. The universe is really fascinating. Yeah, we, us, will never see the planets we talked about. On cannot either see them through a telescope, and all I said comes from complex math calculations. There is a Science Etonnante’s video which talks about how we discover new planets, and it is fascinating. But let us not cry now. Man already has stepped on other planets. Did you know that we already went to Venus? We do not often talk about this, but the Soviet Union got there in 1982, bringing back to us pictures of an unknown planet, lost in its mysterious yellow veil. Well, actually, it is 400°C there, and it rains sulfuric acid: that’s the Russian spirit! Calmer, we have Mars. By the Americans this time. It’s big, and it’s empty. But there is this picture which really affected me: a sunset on Mars. We have to imagine that everywhere in the universe, there are other shows, perhaps as beautiful as we find here on Earth. So let us take pleasure with this space vertigo, with these moments we will never see and which will get lost in time, like tears in the rain.

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