How To Choose The Right Evergreen Tree For Your Landscape

[MUSIC PLAYING] – I’m Curtis Smith. We’re at Osuna Nursery, where
we’ve been looking at trees. We looked at some
shade trees that are really well-adapted
for Northern New Mexico. Now, we’re in the
conifers, trees which make you feel like you’re
walking through the forest. These are excellent
plants for Northern New Mexico for the most part. But they’re good for the
whole state of New Mexico. Rick, what do we
have right here? – Curtis, we’ve
got a Bosnian pine. It gets about 40 feet tall. And it will take minimum
temperatures down to 30 degrees. – So it takes pretty
cold temperatures. So it’d be good way up
in Northern New Mexico, up on the mountains. So that’s a good
one, 10 feet tall. – 30. – 30 feet tall. – 30 feet tall. – That’s right. So that’s a pretty nice
sized tree, not a giant tree, but really
well-proportioned to a lot of landscapes. And over here, we’ve got
some Upright Juniper. These are some that are
useful throughout the state. This is good, hardy in the
northern part of the state, And upright form is useful for
many purposes in the landscape. Now, this is what I expect
from an Upright Juniper. Over here, however, is something
that is unusual for an upright. I noticed it has a spiral form. – Yeah, we get these in. And they come in like this. And an expert has gone
with a small chainsaw and taken out everything
that isn’t spiral. And the homeowner can
take a pair of clippers and just clip these, so
to keep them like this. – So they can maintain that. As it gets bigger,
they’ll let it get bigger. But they still maintain
that form to it. That is interesting and
useful in some settings in the landscape. And I see you have others, some
that aren’t spiral and some that are trimmed to be spiral. And I see over here the
Austrian Black Pine. It’s a good well-adapted tree,
especially for lower-land-type of settings where the
Ponderosa doesn’t do well. The Ponderosa does
good in the mountains. This has a lot of the
appearance of a Ponderosa. But it’s better adapted
to lowland soils. It’s a good tree. – That’s a great tree. – And a good windbreak
tree in many cases. This one is different. – This is a Tanyosho Pine. – Tanyosho. – Right, well, they grow them
in Japan, I know in Kyoto. And this one has a single trunk. And we’ve also got another
one over here that’s a little more natural looking. – OK, So they’re both nice. How big does this get? – These get about 10
feet, 12 feet tall. – So it’s appropriate
for a lot of landscapes. So that looks like an
interesting tree to have. Then in here, I see the
Japanese Black Pine. And that’s a
fast-growing pine tree. – Yeah, you can see the
candles on these guys are already a
couple of feet tall. – Growing fast. And this grows with a
very irregular and kind of twisting form, which is
interesting in a landscape. – That’s right. – So this is a good tree to have
as well, and well-adapted here. Lots of forest, it’s
really pretty in here with all the trees. But I see we’re getting close
to some of my favorites. The Deodar Cedars, one
of the true cedars, native to the Middle East. And so it’s fairly
well-adapted to our conditions. It’s hardiness though is
not for Northern New Mexico. It will make it up to
Albuquerque and maybe a little further north. – That’s right. Yeah, about 0
degrees it’ll take. – OK, but this is a tree where
the spruce doesn’t do well, this will do better. And it has the form
of a very elegant looking spruce, very
graceful, weeping form. The tip at the top is usually
bent over a little bit. So it’s a very attractive tree. And I noticed on the tag that
it says it’s deer-resistant. – That’s right. – And that’s a nice thing
to know for New Mexico. So we need to know
that’s good if you’re going to have deer problems. But it’s still an
attractive tree if you don’t have
to worry about that. – I really like it. – And there are other
types of true cedar. Look over here. This is a Leyland Cypress. – Yeah, the Leyland Cypress. People use these as
windbreaks a lot. They plant them in groupings. – Fairly fast growing,
very attractive, makes a good windbreak. But it’s also an
attractive landscape plant. Now, right over here,
I see one that looks– maybe somebody would
think it’s sick. But it’s variegated. – Right. – It has a natural
yellow color in it. It’s attractive. Nice to have. And it fits in certain places
where the Leyland might not be just exactly the
right plant to have. And around the corner
here, the little guys. – We have the Mugo Pines. – Mugo is a nice plant. It’s a tree. But it doesn’t grow tall. These are dwarf and are good for
planting around the foundation, for putting along a sidewalk
in situations like that. So a good one to
have, but they do have a little bit of a
problem with the pine tip moth, actually a big problem. So this is one that
takes some maintenance to protect it from being
damaged by pine tip moths. It may require some
spraying if it’s used. But one of our
extension services entomologists is releasing
a wasp, a parasitic wasp, that doesn’t hurt people,
but it kills pine tip moths. So we’re hoping that
will take root here and it will solve
the problem here. And behind it, I see the
spruce, the Black Hills Spruce, the Colorado Spruce. And over here, you’ve got
the Blue Colorado Spruce. Now, these are good trees. When you get into the
northern part of the state, these are really good trees. And of course, people
really like the blue of the Blue Colorado Spruce. And you’ve got some
other little guys here. These are not
dwarf, but these are dwarfed by the work of
people keeping them dwarfed. These are bonsai. – Yeah, these are bonsai that
we have here at the nursery. There must be a good
10 trees in here. And we’ve got some Trident
Maples back here, maybe about a dozen of them. – Interesting grove. And we’re going to
come back, and we’re going to do a show here
on bonsai in the future. That’s something
I’m looking forward to because that’s a talent. It’s an art that a lot of
people are interested in and don’t think they can do it. And I think they can. I appreciate the tour. I like the trees. And I need people in New
Mexico to know that this is something they can do. So thank you. – Curtis, you’re welcome. [MUSIC PLAYING]


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