physical features of the earth FINAL


When looking at
this map of the world you recognize how it is made up of different types of
landforms and water sources, by the different colors on the map. As you can
see, the world’s physical features are spread out across. A lake is a body of
water surrounded by land. There are millions of lakes on earth and they
range greatly in size. They range from less than one mile wide up to one
hundred thousand miles in width. Lakes also range in depth. Ocean, 70% of the earth is covered by ocean. The five oceans are the Arctic, the Atlantic, the Indian, the Pacific, and the Southern. When the ocean meets land, water crashes in on the shore. A river is a flowing stream of water. Rivers are found on all
continents. Some flow year-round and others only flow during certain times of
the year. Every river is unique with how long and wide it is, but many rivers wind
making them look curvy from above. A peninsula is a piece of land surrounded
by water on three sides. One side of the peninsula is connected to another piece of land. An island is a piece of land surrounded by water on all sides. Islands can range from very small pieces of land to whole countries or states. Our earth is made up of over 1 million mountains. They range in various heights. There are volcanic mountains and non-volcanic mountains. Some mountains reach
high above the clouds and are always covered in snow. A valley is the land
between two mountains that makes a v-shape. Valleys are formed through changes
in the Earth’s crust, plates, shifting glaciers, and flowing rivers. Plateaus are
landforms that are significantly elevated above a piece of land on at
least one side. They are one of the main landforms of the earth making up
1/3 of the areas of land area. A plain is a large piece of flat land that
is found on every continent. Plains make up more than 1/3 of the Earth’s land area.

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