Planetary Nebula Survey


Planetary Nebula Survey Narrator (April Hobart, CXC): A planetary
nebula is a phase of stellar evolution that the sun should experience several billion
years from now, when it expands to become a red giant. It will then shed most of its
outer layers, leaving behind a hot core that contracts to form a dense white dwarf star.
A wind from the hot core will ram into the ejected atmosphere, creating beautiful, shell-like
structures seen with optical telescopes. This gallery shows four planetary nebulas from
the first systematic survey of such objects in the solar neighborhood made with NASA’s
Chandra X-ray Observatory. X-ray emission from Chandra is colored purple and optical
emission from the Hubble Space Telescope is colored red, green and blue. The diffuse X-ray
emission is caused by shock waves as the wind collides with the ejected atmosphere.

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