The First Photos Taken of Every Planet in Our Solar System + Pluto (4K UHD)

For thousands of years human beings have
noticed certain points of light in the night sky that seemed to move
differently. Ancient Greek astronomers named these points Aster’s planetia,
which means wandering stars. The term described many celestial objects,
including Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn all of which can be seen at
certain times of the year with the unaided eye from Earth.
with the invention of the telescope back in the 1600s these planets can be viewed
like never before and eventually with years of continued observation we
discovered Uranus, Neptune and the dwarf planet pluto. Then back in 1957 the
Space Age started with the successful launch of Sputnik 1 and since then
probes have been sent all over the solar system on a mission to study these
neighboring celestial objects sending data millions of miles back to earth
including some incredible photographs. The first ever photograph of our planets
taken from space was actually captured back in October 1946 long before the
official Space Age started. It was made possible due to a German v2 rocket
launched from New Mexico in the USA that was equipped with a 35 millimeter motion
picture camera set to snap one picture every second and a half. This incredible photograph was taken
when the rocket reached 65 miles above the ground and shows a grainy view of
the Earth’s curvature, clouds and land, giving the people of 1946 an entirely
new perspective of our home planet. In July 1965 the Mariner 4 probe arrived
at Mars after an eight month voyage in order to study its atmosphere and
radiation but also to send back the first-ever photographs of the Red Planet.
This grainy close-up image shows a diagonal slope in the middle of the
frame which is actually the curved edge of the Martian world. Although the photograph wasn’t much to look at, it was an extremely important moment as this
was the first time a man-made spacecraft had sent home a zoomed in portrait of
another planet. Mariner 4 went on to capture 21 incredible images including many of the Martian surface during its flyby mission showing Luna type craters
one of which is 94 miles in diameter. In November 1973 Mariner 10 performed
the first-ever planetary gravity assists flyby while
studying the mysterious planets Venus. The camera aboard the spacecraft
captured this incredible close-up photo of Venus using ultraviolet filters
providing some of the best images ever taken of the strange world. The image
shows complex details of the planet’s atmosphere revealing features that the
human eye can not detect. At its closest approach Mariner 10 also photographed
layers of haze extending 3.7 miles above the thick cloud decks. You can see the
thick carbon dioxide clouds obscuring the planet’s surface where temperatures
reach as high as 460 degrees Celsius. After using Venus to change its speed
and trajectory Mariner 10 headed towards Mercury arriving at the planet in March
1974. The spacecraft captured more than 2,800 photos during three flybys
revealing a world that looks much like our own moon, light gray and covered in
craters. Mariner 10 discovered that mercury also had a surprising magnetic,
field a large metallic core and surface temperatures ranging from a scorching
187 degrees Celsius on the day side to a frigid – 183 degrees Celsius on the
night side. One of the first ever close-up images of
the colossal gas planet Jupiter was captured by the Pioneer 10 spacecraft as
it flew past in December 1973 at a distance of around 1.8 million miles
away the most distinct feature in the photograph is the planets Great Red Spot
which is twenty five thousand miles long and large enough to swallow many planet
Earth’s the Voyager 1 spacecraft arrived at Jupiter in 1979 and captured a much
clearer image using a combination of three photos taken through color filters
this incredible photo reveals the gas giants beautiful bands of swirling
clouds that make up its dynamic atmosphere before Voyager 1 arrived at
Saturn the gas planet was first visited by the Pioneer 11 spacecraft traveling
within 13,000 miles of the ringed world pioneer 11 discovered a new ring now
called the F ring and two previously unknown moons but it also captured the
first close-up photo of Saturn revealing a grainy portrait of the gas giants
bands ringlets and it’s mysterious planets like moon Titan pioneer 11 is
now on a journey somewhere towards the center of the Milky Way galaxy
however contact with the craft was lost back in 1995 so far the only close-up photos ever
taken of Uranus from space were captured by the Voyager 2 spacecraft back in
January 1986 Voyager 2 passed within 50,000 miles of the mysterious planet
for just 5.5 hours sending back incredible images of
Uranus’s atmosphere and moons plus scientific data about the interior of
the cold world this photograph was taken during Voyager twos approach and reveals
a blush orb with extremely subtle features that are being hid by a layer
of thick haze using a gravity assist from Uranus Voyager 2 continued on to
Neptune arriving at the blue planet in August 1989 just like Uranus no other
close-up images have ever been taken of Neptune before or since the Voyager 2
spacecraft this incredible image reveals the planets stunning blue color that is
a result of methane gas in the planet’s atmosphere and a huge dark spot which is
a cyclonic storm as wide as Earth during Voyager twos closest approach the
spacecraft also managed to snap an incredible close-up image of Neptune’s
high white cirrus clouds that are casting shadows onto the lower cloud
decks back in 2015 the New Horizons craft
captured the first ever close-up images of Pluto
while it was 476 thousand miles away from the icy dwarf planets the image
shows Pluto’s diverse terrain from towering mountains to vast plains and
also the icy worlds nicknamed heart a bright feature that measures
approximately 1,000 miles across after sending back thousands of photos of
Pluto surface and its moons New Horizons is now on its way to the nicknamed
Ultima Thule a trans-neptunian object that is located in the mysterious Kuiper
belt region New Horizons will complete the flyby on
the 1st of January 2019 making Ultima Thule the most distant object ever
explored I really hope you enjoyed this video if you did then please hit the
like button and subscribe if you haven’t already thank you so much for watching
and I’ll see you next time


Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *